A day later, the planes returned for more, again striking military facilities and the Pan American Airways station.
Then, on 10 Dec., Japanese forces invaded Guam, and they were more than fully prepared for the undertaking.
Most of the Marines were assigned defensive positions at the Orote peninsula.
In spite of the odds, the defenders at the Plaza were spirited.
Assigned to capture Guam were the South Seas Detachment, a unit of about 5,500 army troops under the command of Major General Tomitara Hori, and a special navy land force of about 400 men, led by Commander Hiroshi Hayashi and drawn from the Fifth Defense Force stationed in Saipan.
The Guam defending force was woefully undermanned: 274 Navy personnel, more than half of them non-combative personnel; 153 Marines; and about 120 Insular Force Guards, whose military training was minimal at best.
But still, the small bustling community adjacent to Apra Harbor vanished by the end of the conflict.
In many instances, Japanese soldiers moved into private homes without notice or formality.
Troops were stationed in various parts of the island, a dusk-to-dawn curfew initiated.
Cars, radios and cameras were commandeered and confiscated.
The following, with a few additions, is an article entitled ”Chamorros’ Instinctive Ability to Survive During Japanese Occupation” as published in a booklet commemorating the 2001 Guam Liberation Day ceremonies.