Chef Nicholas Appert, whose background included both pickling and brewing, won the prize by developing a method of heating food in glass containers and sealing them with pitch.
In 1810 an Englishman named Peter Durance invented a method to use metal containers to preserve food.
It includes several Ball Blue Books dating back to 1930.
Even so it was a step forward from earlier preserving methods of drying, pickling, salting and smoking and offered a way to preserve a greater variety of the summer’s harvest. Mason developed a way to cut threads into a metal lid. You will still find them commonly in antique stores.
Mason paired the threaded and gasketed lid with a matching threaded glass jar that was re-useable. If you see 1858 on the Mason jar, that is the patent date and not the date of the jar’s manufacture. This is the familiar jar with both glass top and container and the wire clamp to hold the top on. This was a common model until the 1960s, and some are still in use. Kerr, whose company was founded in 1903, developed the glass jar with a gasketed flat metal lid held in place until sealed with a threaded metal ring. The Ball brothers were container manufacturers who switched to glass jars in 1883.
The earliest home canning involved a glass jar with a tin lid and sealing wax.
The parts were not re-useable because the sealing wax acted a bit like cement.
The Ball Corporation no longer makes canning products.
Kerr, Golden Harvest, Bernardin and Ball brands are presently all manufactured by Alltrista Corporation.I recently managed to dig out a couple of Drey brand jars from several boxes of used mixed contemporary jars and purchased them for a quarter each.They often are offered for to each if sorted by dealers first.The Hazel-Atlas company was in business from 1902 to 1964.During 1940s and '50s, the company was one of the largest producers of canning jars along with competitors Ball and Kerr. Only a few types of Atlas jars are collectible: the Atlas E-Z Seal, Atlas H over A Mason, and the Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason. Beware of very strong colors which may indicate a reproduction or irradiated glass. The Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason has heavier glass below the jar neck to prevent it from cracking easily.In both cases, it was for military advantage that the processes were developed.