Juscelino Kubitschek, President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961, ordered Brasília's construction, fulfilling the promise of the Constitution and his own political campaign promise.
Building Brasília was part of Juscelino's "fifty years of prosperity in five" plan.
The highest accumulated rainfall in 24 hours was 132.8 mm (5.2 in) on November 15, 1963.
This is where the first construction workers of Brasília used to live. September, at the end of the dry season, has the highest average maximum temperature, 28.3 °C (82.9 °F), has major and minor lower maximum average temperature, of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) and 12.9 °C (55.2 °F), respectively.
According to Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET), the record low temperature was 1.6 °C (34.9 °F) on July 18, 1975, and the record high was 35.8 °C (96.4 °F) on October 28, 2008.
Brasília's geographically central location fostered a more regionally neutral federal capital.
An article of the country's first republican constitution dating back to 1891 stated the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the country's center.
It is the second most populous Portuguese-speaking capital city after Luanda.
The city was one of the main host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and hosted some of the soccer matches during the 2016 Summer Olympic Games.
Already in 1892, the astronomer Louis Cruls, in the service of the Brazilian government, had investigated the site for the future capital.
Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner in 1957, with 5550 people competing.
The city of Brasília proper was planned for only about 500 thousand inhabitants, but its metropolitan area has grown past this figure.