The philosophy tends to be a syncretistic mixture of Sankhya and Vedanta thought, with special and at times exclusive emphasis on the god’s power, or .The Tantric texts can be divided into three classes: (1) Shaiva Agamas (traditions of the followers of Shiva), (2) Vaishnava Samhitas (“Collections of the Vaishnavas,” a name borrowed from the Vedic Samhitas), and (3) Shakta Tantras (“Looms of the Followers of the Goddess Shakti”).
Theoretically, the Tantras deal with (1) knowledge, or philosophy, (2) and temples, and (4) conduct in religious worship and social practice.
In general, the last two subjects are the most numerous, while Yoga tends to centre on the mystique of certain sound-symbols (mantras) that sum up esoteric doctrines.
Their s (collections of the Vaishnava school of Vaikhanasas, who were originally ascetics) seem to have been the original temple manuals for the Bhagavatas (devotees of Vishnu), which by the 11th or 12th century had become supplanted by the Pancharatra Samhitas (collections of the Vaishnava school of Pancharatra—“System of the Five Nights”).
The philosophy of the latter is largely a matter of cosmogony, greatly inspired by both Sankhya and Yoga teachings.
In the primary creation, Shakti manifests herself as a female creative force.
Practically, stress is laid on a type of incarnation—“iconic incarnation”—in which the divine being is actually present in a stone or statue, which thus becomes an icon; therefore, the icon can be worshipped as God himself.Shaktism is an amalgam of Shaivism and mother goddess traditions.The Shaiva notion that Shiva’s , not Shiva himself, is active is taken to the extreme—without Shakti, Shiva is a corpse, and Shakti is the creator as well as creation.Shakti runs her initiative called Nritya Shakti under which she has international tours of dance workshops, launched calendars and set up a Studio in Mumbai which is 2800 sq feet overlooking serene open marsh lands.Nritya Shakti Studio is offering dance classes to all levels of dancers.(early 8th century), about the adventures of the hero Madhava and his beloved Malati; both of these works refer to Tantric practices.